A:1.アメリカのビザはどういうふうに見えますか。                               A: 1.What does the American visa look like?

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A: 2.What is the American visa’s definition, function and how many types does it have?

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A:3.米国に滞在している間にステータスを変更できますか?                   A: 3.Can a person change his status while in the U.S.?

Yes. Changing status while in the U.S. is possible.

A:4.いつまでに申請すればステータスを変更できますか?                      A: 4.When should an application for change in status be filed?

An application for change in status must be filed before the period of authorized stay expires. If the foreign citizen must depart the U.S. while the application for change of status is still being processed, he will have to reapply for a separate visa to enter the U.S. again.

A:5.外国人は、通常どのくらい滞在期間が認められますか?                   A: 5.What is the usual period of stay given to foreign citizens?

Q:B-1 / B-2ビザの初回滞在期間は1ヶ月、3ヶ月、または6ヶ月で、6ヶ月まで延長できます。最長滞在期間は1年です。それ以外の場合、滞在期間は取得したビザの種類によって異なります。
Under a B-1/B-2 visa, the initial period of stay granted may be one month, three (3) months, or six (6) months, which is extendible for 6 more months. The maximum period of stay is one year. In other cas-es, the period of stay to be granted depends on the type of visa ob-tained.

A:6.外国人が定められた期間内に米国を出国しない場合、どうなりますか?                                                                                                 A: 6.What happens if a foreign citizen does not depart the U.S. on time?

「アウト・オブ・ステータス」となった旅行者のビザは自動的に無効になります。複数回入国できる数次ビザであっても同じです。― いちど旅行者のビザが「アウト・オブ・ステータス」となると、そのビザは無効となりその後の米国への入国にそのビザは使えません。滞在期間を超えて滞在(オーバーステイ)せず、税関・国境取締局官に与えられた滞在期間内に米国を離れることは重要です。
A foreign citizen must depart the U.S. on time. Failure to do so will re-sult in being out of status.
Visas of travelers who are out of status are automatically voided. The same is true for a multiple entry visa – it will become void once the traveler becomes out of status and will not be valid for future entry into the U.S. It is important for a person not to overstay and to leave the U.S. within the period of stay granted by the CBP officer.

A:7.米国への入国許可にはどのような種類があるでしょうか?                A: 7.What are the types of admission to the United States?

Q:外国人の市民には、シングルエントリーの入国ビザ又は複数エントリーの入国ビザのいずれかが与えられます。入国は通常B1 および B2ビザと関わってきます。
A foreign citizen may be admitted to the United States either on a sin-gle-entry or a multiple entry visa. It is normally associated with B1 and B2 visas.
In case of single entry, a visitor can enter the U.S. only once for the duration of the visa. One must obtain another visa to re-enter the U.S.
In case of multiple entry, the visitor can enter the U.S. several times during the term of the visa. Thus, a foreign citizen can go back and forth even within one year, provided that the person leaves the U.S. within the period of stay granted by the U.S. Customs and Border Pro-tection (USCBP) officer at the time of entry at a port of entry.

A:8.米国の入国港に到着したら何をすればよいでしょうか?                   A: 8.What must I do when I reach a U.S. port of entry?

Q:あなたは米国税関国境保護局(CBP) の審査官と面談し、米国大使館に与えられたビザで米国への入国が許されるか及び入国後の滞在期間について、審査官の判断を受けるために並ばなければなりません。
You must line up to be interviewed by a Customs and Border Protec-tion (CBP) officer who will determine whether you may enter the U.S. and for how long you may stay based on the visa granted to you by the U.S. Embassy.

A:9.審査官にどのような書類を提示すればよいでしょうか?                   A: 9.What documents must I present to the officer?

As a nonimmigrant, you must be ready to present your passport and return air ticket as evidence that you intend to depart the U.S. within the period of stay granted by the officer.
If allowed to enter, the CBP officer will provide an admission stamp on your passport or a paper Form I-94, the Arrival/Departure Record.

A:10.審査官はどのような質問をするのですか?                                 A: 10.What questions will the officer ask?

a. 米国訪問の目的は何ですか。
b. どこに滞在しますか。
c. どれぐらい滞在しますか。
d. (無差別に)仕事の依頼があった場合、米国に残りますか。
The questions will revolve around the need for the officer to confirm that you are aware that your nonimmigrant visa is merely for a tempo-rary period and that you have every intention of leaving the U.S. with in the period of stay to be granted by the officer.
Thus, the standard questions would be:
a. What is the purpose of your visit to the United States?
b. Where will you stay?
c. How long are you staying?
d. (Randomly) If you are offered a job, will you stay?
Unless you have a working visa, the answer to this question is of course NO.
You should not even say “I’ll think about it” as this will indicate that you have no firm intention of departing the United States when your authorized period of stay ends.

A:11.ビザの有効さはいつまでであるか。                                   A: 11.Until when does a visa remain valid?

Unless cancelled or revoked, a visa is valid until its expiration date. Therefore, a valid U.S. visa in an expired passport is still valid.
If you have a valid visa in your expired passport, do not remove it from the passport. Use your valid visa in your expired passport along with a new valid passport for travel and admission to the U.S.

A:12.米国に滞在している間に私のビザが期限切れた場合、問題が生じますか。                                                   A: 12.My visa will expire while I am in the U.S. Is there a problem with that?

No. If the Department of Homeland Security, Customs and Border  Protection Immigration Officer at the port-of-entry admitted you into the United States for a specific period, s/he will note your authorized period of stay on your admission stamp or paper Form I-94, called an    Arrival/Departure Record.
You will be able to remain in the United States during your authorized period of stay, even if your visa expires during the time you are in the United States. Since your admission stamp in your passport or paper Form I-94 documents your authorized stay and is the official record of your permission to be in the United States, it is very important to keep your passport safe or retain Form I-94 together with your passport.

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